Each course has its own evaluation methods adapted to its learning outcomes. However, EPITA uses all the different evaluations possible and quite often combines them within each course. Therefore, the evaluation can go through intermediate and final exams, individual and group case studies, assignments, class participation, attendance, etc. Each instructor will give the detailed evaluation process of the course at the beginning of the Summer Session.
Many partner universities accept EPITA Summer School qualifications as credit towards their own degrees, and the Summer School office is happy to assist in any way we can.
However, students are advised to contact their home university before coming to Summer School, as the decision to award credit rests with them.
EPITA Summer Session follows a combination of the French traditional Grading System and the European Grading System.
The French Grading System
It is based mostly on a 20-point grading scale: it is used above all in secondary schools and higher education institutions (universities and “Grandes Ecoles”), with the following mentions:
|FRENCH GRADING SYSTEM|
|18 - 20||Excellent|
|16 – 17,9||Very good|
|14 – 15,9||Good|
|12 – 13,9||Satisfactory|
|10 – 11,9||Correct|
|0 – 9,9||Fail|
“Grandes Ecoles” (Graduate Schools) like EPITA are highly selective institutions and use the French Grading System generally in a stricter way than secondary schools.
Therefore, the class ranking rather than marks usually reflects better the student performance. In order to provide this information, EPITA uses also the European Grading scale.
The European Grading System
The ECTS grading scale is based on the class percentile (similar, but not identical to the class rank) of a student in a given assessment, that is how he/she performed relative to other students in the same class. The ECTS system classifies students into broad groups and thus makes interpretation of ranking simpler.
The ECTS system initially divides students between pass and fail groups and then assesses the performance of these two groups separately. Those obtaining passing grades are divided into five subgroups: the best 10% are awarded an A grade, the next 25% a B grade, the following 30% a C, the following 25% a D and the final 10% an E.
Those who have not achieved a performance sufficient to allow a passing grade are divided into two subgroups: FX (Fail – some more work required before credit can be awarded) and F (Fail – considerable further work is required). This distinction allows differentiation between those students who have been assessed as almost passing and those who have clearly lacked the required knowledge and skills.
This system can be represented in a table, as follows :
|EUROPEAN GRADING SYSTEM|
|A||10%||Outstanding performance with only minor errors|
|B||25%||Above the average standard but with some errors|
|C||30%||Generally sound work with a number of notable errors|
|D||25%||Fair but with significant shortcomings|
|E||10%||Performance meets the minimum criteria|
|FX||Fail - some more work required before the credit can be awarded|
|F||Fail - considerable further work is required|
You will find bellows the equivalency to the American and British Grading systems:
|EQUIVALENCY TO OTHER GRADE SYSTEMS|
|ECTS Scale||U.S. grade (4.0 scale) equivalents||British Grade equivalents|
|A||A+ (4.0)||70 or over|
|B||B+ to A-||60 - 69|
|C||B (3.0)||55 - 59|
|D||C||50 - 54|
|E||D||40 - 49|
|FX||F||30 - 39|
Transcripts of records
All visiting students will receive one complimentary Official Transcript of Records mailed to the "Transcript Address" indicated at the time of registration. Please note that Official Transcripts will not be available and mailed until mid-September. The transcript will include for each course attended the French Grade out of 20, the European Letter Grade and the credits (ECTS) allocated.
ECTS credit system
ECTS is the credit system for higher education used in the European Higher Education Area, involving all countries engaged in the Bologna Process.
ECTS is a learner-centered system for credit accumulation and transfer based on the transparency of learning outcomes and learning processes. It aims to facilitate planning, delivery, evaluation, recognition and validation of qualifications and units of learning as well as student mobility. ECTS is widely used in formal higher education and can be applied to other lifelong learning activities.
ECTS credits are based on the workload students need in order to achieve expected learning outcomes. Learning outcomes describe what a learner is expected to know, understand and be able to do after successful completion of a process of learning. They relate to level descriptors in national and European qualifications frameworks.
Workload indicates the time students typically need to complete all learning activities (such as lectures, seminars, projects, practical work, self-study and examinations) required to achieve the expected learning outcomes.
60 ECTS credits are attached to the workload of a fulltime year of formal learning (academic year) and the associated learning outcomes. In most cases, student workload ranges from 1,500 to 1,800 hours for an academic year, whereby one credit corresponds to 25 to 30 hours of work.
Use of ECTS credits
Credits are allocated to entire qualifications or study programs as well as to their educational components (such as modules, course units, dissertation work, internships and laboratory work).
The number of credits ascribed to each component is based on its weight in terms of the workload students need in order to achieve the learning outcomes in a formal context.